Environmental Correspondent, BBC World Service
For many people, Christmas and New Year are a time of partying. Because it will be an opportunity to buy a sparkling new outfit with sequin embellishments.
Sequined clothes also become more popular in some parts of the world during Oda time of the year.
But experts say clothes made of sequins are causing environmental degradation.
“If you’ve never worn anything with sequins, I won’t rust, but I wear them all the time, and they always come off, especially with fast fashion or discount store fabrics.” Jane Patton on Plastic Serving as campaign manager for .Petrochemicals is being developed in collaboration with the International Center for Environmental Law.
“It comes off when you hug someone, get in and out of a car, walk or dance. It also comes off when you wash it.”
The problem is the same with glitter. They are usually made of plastic with a metallic reflective coating. Once they go down drains, they can remain in the environment for centuries, breaking into smaller pieces over time.
“Because sequins are synthetic and made from one material that certainly contains toxic chemicals, they are potentially dangerous in air, water, soil and ultimately at all times,” says Jane Patton. increase.
“Microplastics are a big problem. They are so small and move so easily that they simply cannot be cleaned or controlled.”
Researchers have revealed that they have discovered microplastics for fresh Antarctic snow this year.
They have already invented biodegradable sequins, but they will never start producing them.
Party dress ultimate disposable fashion
The charity Oxfam surveyed 2,000 British women between the ages of 18 and 55 in 2019, and 40% of them said they would buy sequined fabrics for the Christmas season.
Only a quarter said they would never wear them again.
Five percent say they throw their cloths in the trash when they’re done wearing them, which Oxfam has calculated will landfill 1.7 million pieces of festive party wear for 2019.
Once buried in landfills, the plastic sequins remain forever, but research shows that liquid waste from landfills also contains microplastics.
Evidence suggests that landfills are potential sources of microplastics, rather than the final destination for plastics, says one group of researchers.
they can throw away clothes that don’t sell
Viola Wolgemuth, Circular Economy and Hazardous Substances Manager at Greenpeace Germany, says the clothing industry does not sell 40% of the goods it produces. Dem fit come ship am go oda kontris and dump am dia, she tok.
Garments embellished with sequins are shipped. Viola Wohlgemuth says she doesn’t see them on second-hand markets or landfills in Kenya and Tanzania.
“There are no restrictions on textile waste exports. Exports are disguised as second-hand textiles, dumped in poor countries, and can end up in landfills and waterways, causing pollution,” she said.
“There is no ban on such types of waste as problematic substances under the Basel Convention, such as e-waste and plastic waste.”
Making sequins is wasteful
They usually make the sequins out of plastic sheets and then dispose of the leftovers.
“A few years ago, some companies tried to turn waste into an incinerator,” said Jighnesh Jagani Tok, who runs a textile factory in Gujarat, India.
“And it creates toxic fumes, and the state’s pollution control board knows it and is forcing businesses to stop doing it. Dealing with that kind of waste is a challenge.”
Elissa Brunato, one of the developers of compostable cellulose sequins, said she starts by creating sheets of material and later cuts out the sequins. To get around this problem, she turns to making sequins for individual molds.
sequins on synthetic fiber
The problem is not only sequins, they are usually attached with synthetic materials.
According to the United Nations Environment Program, about 60% of the materials used in clothing are plastics, such as polyester and acrylic, and every time you wash your clothes, they shed tiny plastic microfibers.
These fibers find their way into waterways and from there into the food chain.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature estimates that synthetic fibers make up 35% of all microfibers in the ocean.
Changing Markets Foundation’s George Harding wants to use the power of the market to address sustainability issues, with the fashion industry using plastic sequins and fibers (obtained from oil and gas) It says it does. Raw Materials Fossil Fuel Industry”.
People predict that clothing production will almost double by 2030 compared to 2015 levels.